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1865-1877 1878-1895 1896-1915 1916-1931 1932-1944 1945-1953 1954-1972 1973-1982 1983-1993 1994-Present
Advancing Creative Solutions to Assure Fairness and Excellence in Education

Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.
Nelson Mandela

History / Timeline

1865-1877: Reconstruction
1878-1895: Disfranchisement
1896-1915: Separate & Unequal
1916-1931: Jim Crowe Segregation
1932-1944: New Deal
1945-1953: Quest for Equality
1954-1972: Massive Resistance
1973-1982: Reform
1983-1993: Nation at Risk
1994-Present: New Imperatives

This interactive timeline provides a chronology of major events and developments in Southern education since the Civil War. It also offers informative written, audio and video clips to help interpret each historical era.

SEF's origins go back to 1867 with the establishment of the Peabody Education Fund. In later years, other education funds focusing on the South also were established: in 1882 the John F. Slater Fund; in 1907 the Jeanes Fund; and in 1936 the Virginia Randolph Fund. These four funds merged in 1937 to form the Southern Education Foundation (SEF).